Surgery, radiation treatments and drugs treat meningiomas, states Mayo Clinic. Meningioma that does not grow or cause symptoms or signs may not always require treatment.
Small meningiomas that do not grow quickly typically receive the wait-and-see approach with periodic brain scans, notes Mayo Clinic. Surgery completely removes the meningioma, or at least as much of the meningioma as possible, if it begins to grow. Common meningioma surgery risks include bleeding and infection. Nerves surrounding the meningioma may also suffer damage during meningioma surgery.
Radiation therapies reduce the risk of meningioma, treat atypical and malignant meningiomas and remove any small pieces of meningioma left after surgery, explains Mayo Clinic. Radiosurgery is a noninvasive treatment that aims radiation beams at a specific area, and fractionated radiation treats tumors near risky areas or ones that are too massive for radiosurgery. Advances in radiation therapies such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy and fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy provide higher radiation doses to the meningioma while preserving surrounding healthy tissue. Drugs such as hydroxyurea, hormone-altering medications and medicines that reduce blood vessel activity related to the meningioma may also treat recurring tumors or meningiomas that do not respond to radiation and surgery. Alternative treatments such as massage, acupuncture, relaxation exercises, hypnosis and meditation relieve treatment side effects and mental turmoil caused by having a meningioma.