Because no prescription medications exist to treat measles, doctors recommend such home treatments as acetaminophen, fluids, a humidifier and vitamin A supplements. Over two or three weeks, the symptoms and virus generally disappear unless complications occur, as stated by Healthline.
The purpose of the acetaminophen is to alleviate the muscular aches and fever that accompany measles. The humidifier eases sore throat and cough, and the fluids are important to avoid dehydration that can accompany fever. During the recovery time, rest is important to allow the immune system to build up as much strength as possible, as explained by Healthline.
It is important for children to receive the measles vaccine because this disease can cause complications that lead to fatality, such as encephalitis, or swelling of the brain, and pneumonia. Each year, as of 2015, an average of two of 1,000 patients die from measles each year. Worldwide, measles is the fifth greatest cause for illness and death in children, as noted by Healthline.
Measles also causes some other potential complications, such as severe diarrhea, blindness, reduction in blood platelets, bronchitis, pre-term labor or miscarriage and ear infection. Immunization is the best way to protect people from measles, as stated by Healthline.