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What treatments are available for liver disease?

A:

Quick Answer

Treatments available for liver disease include supportive care, surgery, long-term medical care, medication and removal of excess fluid, according to MedicineNet. The type of treatment an individual receives depends on their type of liver disease.

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Supportive care is reserved for those with hepatitis A in order to make sure the patient remains hydrated as the body fights infection, states MedicineNet. Gallstones are often treated with gallbladder removal surgery. Long-term medical care is a treatment option for controlling and lowering the effects of liver disease.

In order to control how much protein is absorbed in patients with cirrhosis and final-stage liver disease, medications are often used, notes MedicineNet. High blood ammonia levels, coma, disorientation and fatigue are common in a liver with cirrhosis, since the organ is unable to properly metabolize waste. Diuretics and a low-sodium diet may be recommended to treat water retention.

To remove fluid built up in the abdominal cavity, a needle and syringe can be used as a drainage method, according to MedicineNet. If the fluid isn't removed in time, it can result in an infection. If a patient's liver completely fails, a liver transplant may be the only viable option. Complications of liver failure include weight loss, infection and bleeding.

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