Treatments available for balance disorders include the Epley maneuver, lifestyle changes, corticosteroids, anti-vertigo medication and surgery, according to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, or NIDCD. A balance disorder sufferer who cannot find relief with these treatments may decide on vestibular rehabilitation with a therapist. As of August 2015, the NIDCD is studying and testing vestibular prostheses and virtual reality technology as treatment options for the disorder.
A balance disorder is a condition where a person feels physically unbalanced to the extent that it affects his daily life, explains the NIDCD. Causes of the disorder include brain and inner ear problems, ear infections, certain medications, diseases and head injuries. The sufferer may experience vertigo, giddiness, blurred vision and disorientation when he moves, lies down or walks, and he may panic or become anxious. If the sufferer also has motor control difficulty, weakness or suffers from tremors, this increases the risk of him falling or getting hurt. If the condition is not treated, it may lead to lethargy and depression.
Since diagnosis of a balance disorder is difficult, patients typically go through a battery of tests, such as blood tests, hearing exams and electronystagmograms, to identify the condition and rule out others, adds the NIDCD.