Various treatments for atherosclerosis include medication, surgery, angioplasty and stenting and lifestyle changes. Doctors usually use invasive techniques like surgery and angioplasty and stenting on people with significant symptoms or limitations caused by atherosclerosis, notes WebMD.
Medication taken for high cholesterol and high blood pressure slows or stops the growth of plaques. The drugs consequently help to lower the risk of stroke and heart attacks. Medication treatment for atherosclerosis include statins, fibric acid derivatives, antiplatelet drugs and anticoagulants such as aspirin. Diuretics, calcium channel and beta blockers also aid in lowering blood pressure as detailed by Healthline.com.
Atherosclerosis can also be treated with bypass surgery. It involves diversion of blood around the narrowed or blocked artery using a healthy vessel elsewhere in the body or a synthetic tube, states WebMD. Angioplasty is a procedure of inserting a thin tube into an artery in the arm or leg to assess ailing arteries and expand them, as noted by Healthline.com. Blockages in arteries are often opened up by angioplasty and stenting.
Some lifestyles like smoking can lead to atherosclerosis. Changes in lifestyle, for instance, healthy diet and exercise, slow or stop the process. Additionally, they lower heart attack risks and stroke according to WebMD. Other additional atherosclerosis treatments include thrombolytic therapy, endarterectomy and atherectomy, says Healthline.com.