What Are Treatments for Aortic Sclerosis?

Treatment for aortic sclerosis typically includes replacement of the aortic valve; aortic sclerosis stemming from underlying conditions, such as kidney failure or heart defects, resolve with blood thinners, surgery to repair defects and diuretics. Aortic sclerosis generally appears in geriatric patients aged 65 and older. However, it sometimes develops in younger patients too, presenting symptoms ranging from unpleasant but benign to serious conditions requiring treatment.

Aortic sclerosis refers to a condition where calcium deposits form on the aortic valve in the heart. Over time, the calcium deposits may grow, ultimately narrowing and hardening the aortic valve. With substantial hardening and narrowing of artery walls, cardiologists upgrade this condition to aortic valve stenosis. Sometimes, according to the Mayo Clinic, a hardening artery may indicate the presence of other illnesses, even in the absence of symptoms.

In younger patients presenting with aortic sclerosis, cardiologists suspect underlying causes, primarily congenital heart defects, kidney disease or high blood pressure. For those with high blood pressure, cardiologists might prescribe blood thinners or medications stabilizing heart beats. Doctors might also prescribe diuretics, which remove excess bodily fluids and facilitate heart pumping. Surgery corrects some heart deformities and heart valve diseases. As a precaution, some patients receive medication prior to undergoing dental work. Upon presenting with symptoms, cardiologists evaluate patients using several cardiac tests, including EKGs and chest x-rays.