Treatments for gastritis include taking antacids, antibiotics, acid-reducing medications and proton-pump inhibitors to stop acid production and improve healing, as stated by Mayo Clinic. Cutting down on alcohol, managing stress and eating smaller meals several times a day in place of fewer larger meals may also help.
Taking a combination of antibiotics, such as amoxicillin and clarithromycin, for about 14 days helps kill Helicobacter pylori that live in the digestive tract, according to Mayo Clinic. Over-the-counter or prescription acid blockers, such as cimetidine, famotidine and ranitidine, help to reduce amount of acid in the stomach and promote healing.
Proton-pump inhibitors that help block the production of stomach acid include dexlansoprazole, omeprazole and esomeprazole, which may be prescribed or purchased over the counter, explains Mayo Clinic. Taking the drugs over a prolonged period may lead to spine, hip and wrist fractures. Antacids help to neutralize stomach acid and reduce pain; however, the drugs may cause diarrhea, constipation and other unpleasant side effects.
Stress may aggravate gastritis, so engaging in stress-reducing activities, such as tai chi, yoga and meditation, may help counter the problem, according to Mayo Clinic. Avoiding irritating foods, such as fatty, acidic and spicy foods, may help as well.