Treatment options for avulsion fractures, which usually occur in the ankle, elbow or hip, include rest, ice application and controlled exercises for restoring movements, muscle strength and bone healing, reports Mayo Clinic. Avulsion fractures often heal naturally without surgical treatment. Doctors sometimes recommend surgery if the distance between the primary bone and the bone fragment is too far for natural fusion.
Raising an injured ankle and applying ice on the affected area help reduce swelling, decrease pain and prevent further damage to nearby soft tissue, explains the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society. If needed, a splint supports an avulsion injury for several days.
Proper rest without putting weight on the fractured ankle is essential, notes the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society. The use of a wheelchair, walker or a pair of crutches allows movement without adding pressure to the affected ankle. If minor displacement of a single bone occurs, health care professionals may recommend the use of a cast or fracture boot to immobilize and protect the injured ankle.
Severe fractures usually require surgery to align the fractured bone properly, states the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society. The common surgical procedure to treat ankle fractures is an open reduction and internal fixation, which involves creating an incision at the ankle, setting the bones correctly, and securing the bones in place using screws and metal plates.