As of 2015, treatments for Alzheimer's include taking cholinesterase inhibitors or memantine, reinforcing daily routines and habits, exercising regularly and improving nutritional habits, according to Mayo Clinic. The outcome of research on whether lifestyle changes can improve cognitive health varies, but most doctors recommend embracing an overall healthy lifestyle.
Cholinesterase inhibitors can help most people with Alzheimer's to keep symptoms subdued on a temporary basis, notes Mayo Clinic. Less than half of patients who use the drugs see actual improvements. Alzheimer's disease may reduce chemicals that are necessary for communication between cells, and cholinesterase inhibitors boost those chemicals. Some people with Alzheimer's may have success taking memantine alongside cholinesterase inhibitors. Memantine slows the progression of symptoms associated with moderate to severe Alzheimer's.
People with Alzheimer's may need to adopt lifestyle changes, such as reducing tasks that require significant memory and reinforcing daily routines and habits, states Mayo Clinic. Many treatment plans include having a designated place for important items such as phones, keys and medications. A physician may be able to recommend a medication plan that is relatively easy to follow, and things such as bill paying can be automated. Using a calendar or phone with reminders may help for keeping appointments.
Following a healthy diet and exercising every day may promote cognitive and overall health, according to Mayo Clinic. Following a diet with plenty of omega-3 fatty acids, fruits and vegetables is ideal. Exercising on a consistent basis may prevent cognitive decline while also improving a person's mood.