Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, protease inhibitors, entry or fusion inhibitors, and integrase inhibitors are all treatments for HIV, according to Mayo Clinic. Common drug names are Sustiva, Ziagen, Prezista, Fuzeon and Vitekta.
Treatment for HIV and AIDS can be difficult, notes Mayo Clinic, often involving multiple pills at specific times throughout each day. Side effects may include nausea and vomiting, bone loss or weakness, heart disease, high blood sugar, and breakdown of muscle tissue. The goal of HIV treatment is to reduce the body's viral load until it is undetectable. Viral load testing occurs at the beginning of treatment and every three to four months during therapy.