The best treatments for adenocarcinoma of the colon depend on the stage of the cancer but include treatments such as surgery to remove the cancer or the colon, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and a combination of chemical targeted therapies, according to the American Cancer Society. Patients in stage 0 have the best prognosis.
For most patients in the stage 0 of colon cancer, surgery will be the only necessary treatment. For patients in stage 2, chemotherapy may be added, and for patients in stage 3, radiation therapy or targeted therapies may be added. Stage 4 patients will be open to all treatments. Common targeted therapy combinations for patients in stage 4 include FOLFOXIRI (leucovorin, oxaliplatin, irinotecan and 5-FU) and CapeOX (capecitabine, oxaliplatin), according to the American Cancer Society.
When colon cancer recurs, a combination of treatments may be used as needed. Colorectal adenocarcimona patients have colon cancer in their intestinal gland cells. This cancer is responsible for 95 percent of all colon cancers, according to the Cancer Treatment Centers of America. There are two forms of colorectal adenocarcimona, which are signet ring cell adenocarcimona and mucinous adenocarcinoma. This cancer can range from slow moving to aggressive and fast moving with the aggressive cases easily spreading to other body regions. It is important for people with colorectal adenocarcimona to create a treatment plan with their doctors and begin following it immediately.