Treatment for trigger finger starts with resting the finger, but options include anti-inflammatory medication, steroid injections and surgery, according to WebMD.com. Recovery time depends on the severity of the condition and the type of treatment.
Sometimes the doctor splints the finger to help the patient rest it, WebMD.com explains. Medication that treats inflammation, such as naproxen and ibuprofen, may be prescribed. Sometimes patients require a steroid injection into the tendon sheath or surgery if other treatment options do not help.
Trigger finger causes a finger to lock or catch when bent, WebMD.com states. The painful condition is caused by inflammation in the tendons. Tendons and muscles work together to bend the fingers. A healthy tendon moves easily through the sheath that covers it, but if the tendon becomes swollen it cannot move as freely. This resistance creates a pop or snap.
The condition can be a complication of rheumatoid arthritis, gout or diabetes, WebMD.com reports. Trigger finger can also be caused by repetitive motion, grasping tools tightly for long periods of time, or forceful use of the finger. It occurs in women more than men, primarily between the ages 40 to 60. Farmers, musicians and industrial workers are prone to trigger finger.