Prescription medications used to reduce pain caused by trigeminal neuralgia include muscle relaxers such as baclofen and anticonvulsant drugs such as carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine and lamotrigine, reports Mayo Clinic. Surgical treatment options include microvascular decompression, which involves removing blood vessels in contact with the trigeminal nerve, and Gamma Knife radiosurgery.
Rhizotomy procedures, during which surgeons destroy nerve fibers, are another treatment option, explains Mayo Clinic. Types of rhizotomy procedures include glycerol injection, balloon compression and radiofrequency thermal lesioning. Alternative treatments sometimes used to complement standard treatment include acupuncture, biofeedback and vitamin therapy. As of 2015, studies indicate that Botox injections may help relieve trigeminal neuralgia pain, but more research is needed.