Proper treatment of a tendon injury includes stretching and gentle exercises that loosen the area to reduce stiffness, according to WebMD. Cold packs and over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, can also help. Some patients need physical therapy, splints, braces or casts.
Tendon injuries, or tendinopathy, may occur suddenly or gradually over time due to normal wear and tear from use, explains WebMD. Typical indications of tendinopathy include pain when using the tendon and increased stiffness first thing in the morning or during the night. Inflammation, or tendinitis, may cause tenderness, redness and swelling. Small tears formed by overuse cause tendinosis, and it is a common cause of Achilles tendon pain.
The heel of the foot is a common area for tendon injuries, particularly with the Achilles tendon, which connects the heel bone to the muscles in the calf, according to WebMD. Tendinosis may not create noticeable symptoms until the tendon ruptures, causing sudden loss of movement, bruising and swelling to the area. Many people report hearing a popping sound when the rupture occurs.
The condition is most common in people between the ages of 30 and 50 who engage in frequent athletic activity, reports WebMD. Treatment for mild cases include weeks to months of rest and cushioned orthotic shoes that relieve stress on the tendon. More severe cases may require surgery. In most cases, patients recover fully and return to regular exercise if the condition receives proper treatment.