Testicular pain is treated with over-the-counter acetaminophen or ibuprofen; in the event of swelling, an ice pack may be applied to the scrotum. In cases of severe pain, the physician may recommend antibiotics, pain medications or surgery, depending on the underlying cause of the pain, according to Healthline contributors.
Most cases of testicular pain do not require medical care and may be effectively treated at home. In addition to over-the-counter pain relievers, rest and support should be provided for the scrotum area; an athletic cup or rolled towel provides excellent support when the patient is laying down. In addition to ice therapy, warm baths may also provide temporary relief from pain, explains Healthline.
Patients are advised to seek immediate medical attention in cases of severe testicular pain, symptoms that radiate to the abdomen or when pain is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, painful urination or swelling to the scrotum, according to WebMD. An examination of the scrotum and testicles, blood and urine tests and ultrasound help to determine the source of the discomfort. Serious cases may require surgery to untwist the testicles or reduce fluid accumulation, according to Healthline.
Common causes of testicular pain include torsion of the testes, orchitis, epididymitis, prostatitis, kidney stones, mumps, chronic prostatis, chronis non-bacterial prostatis and polyarteritis nodosa, according to Healthline medical experts.