Spleen cancer treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplants and biological therapy, Healthgrades reports. Other therapies, such as courses of antibiotics and pain medications, also play a role; they increase the quality of the patient’s life and aid primary treatment.
Complementary treatments may be included in treatment for spleen cancer, Healthgrades states. They include yoga, massage therapy, acupuncture, and adding dietary supplements and herbal remedies to one’s diet. These treatments may make it easier for some patients to deal with the disease and treatment, but they do not replace primary treatment.
As of 2015, the causes of spleen cancer growth are unknown, but several risk factors for cancers that affect the spleen have been identified, Healthgrades says. These include a weakened immune system, certain infections, and exposure to radiation or specific chemicals.
Spleen cancer may either start in the spleen or spread to it from another area of the body, Healthgrades explains. In the vast majority of cases, cancer that develops in the spleen itself is a lymphoma. This type of cancer is blood-related and grows in the lymphatic system. The most common type of cancer that metastasizes to the spleen is leukemia, but many other types of cancer may also reach the spleen, including stomach cancer, liver cancer and colon cancer.