Treatment for a shin contusion involves applying ice immediately to the affected region, Common Sports Injuries explains. It helps to crush the ice so it molds around the bruise more efficiently. It is also advised to use a thin towel or wash cloth between the skin and ice to avoid skin burn.
To control pain, inflammation and bleeding, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons states that muscle in the affected area must be maintained in a gentle stretch position. It helps to use the RICE formula, which emphasizes rest, ice, compression and elevation. Additionally, it is recommended to exercise the uninjured parts of the body, as the injured part heals.
After applying ice, a firm bandage must be wrapped from the knee to the foot, with soft padding around the injury. WebMD recommends that for the first one or two days, the person should apply ice for around 15 minutes at a time. The leg must bear no weight, and it also has to be elevated, preferably positioned above heart level to help drain fluid from the injured area and speed up the healing process. For pain, Tylenol can be taken. Aspirin and ibuprofen must be avoided, as these can prolong bleeding. Follow-up measures include applying a heat pack on the area several times daily to promote healing.
When the bruise is accompanied by intense pain and swelling, WebMD suggests to see a doctor. Medical help is also necessary if the bruise appears for no clear reason or if it causes a person to be unable to move a joint.