Individuals with scarlet fever typically receive antibiotic treatment, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Quick antibiotic treatment can offer protection from potential long-term health problems. It also assists in clearing up symptoms more quickly and reduces the chances of infecting others.
Group A strep bacteria is the cause of scarlet fever, says the CDC. Doctors can diagnose scarlet fever by performing a strep test. Scarlet fever often begins with fever, sore throat, chills, vomiting and abdominal pain. The tongue may swell and develop a whitish coating, or it may have a red and bumpy appearance. A red rash may spread all over the body, beginning as small, flat blotches and advancing to fine bumps that feel like sandpaper.