What is the treatment for retinal detachment?


Quick Answer

Treatment options for retinal detachment include air or gas injections, eye surface indentation and fluid drainage, Mayo Clinic reports. No treatments or surgeries are guaranteed to completely restore vision after a detached retina, even when the retina is successfully reattached. In some cases, a second surgery is necessary.

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Full Answer

Surgery is nearly always the primary option for anyone with a retinal detachment, Mayo Clinic explains. Some doctors choose to inject a bubble of air or gas into the eye's vitreous in a procedure called a pneumatic retinopexy. The bubble of air blocks the flow of fluids behind the retina, allowing the retina to reattach itself. The bubble and fluids absorb into themselves.

Doctors may also choose to install a scleral buckle on or around the white part of the eye, which creates an indentation and relieves the pull of the vitreous from the retina, according to Mayo Clinic. Full retinal buckles encircle the entire eye and are typically attached to the patient permanently. Doctors often pair a scleral buckling procedure with a vitrectomy. For a vitrectomy, a surgeon removes the vitreous and other tissues that are pulling at the retina. The surgeon injects air or liquids into the space that the vitreous once occupied, or he uses a silicone oil that is surgically removed at a later time.

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