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What is the treatment and prognosis for diastolic dysfunction?

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Quick Answer

Treating diastolic dysfunction requires the treatment of its underlying causes, which may include coronary artery disease, hypertension, heart arrhythmia, obesity and diabetes, says About.com. The prognosis for diastolic dysfunction in the absence of heart failure is a somewhat higher mortality rate than normal.

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As of 2015, diastolic dysfunction is more easily recognized by doctors, and the outlook is good for people who are diagnosed early and treated aggressively, notes About.com. Coronary artery disease and high blood pressure are the two most common causes of diastolic dysfunction, and managing these conditions reduces the likelihood of eventual diastolic heart failure. Atrial fibrillation is a kind of erratic heartbeat, and it must be adequately treated in people with diastolic dysfunction in order to control the heart rate. Losing weight and controlling diabetes help prevent the progression of diastolic dysfunction, and aerobic exercise and the use of diuretics to flush sodium and water from the body are sometimes recommended.

The prognosis for people who experience diastolic heart failure is slightly better than for those with systolic heart failure. However, the prognosis worsens when any type of heart failure has occurred. Because cardiologists have become more adept at recognizing this condition, patients admitted to a hospital for heart failure are now commonly diagnosed with diastolic dysfunction. The potential outcome for patients with this condition is significantly improved once it is correctly diagnosed and its underlying causes are treated.

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