What Is the Treatment for Primary Complex?

Primary complex is treated with a combination of prescription strength drugs, such as ethambutol and moxifloxacin, as stated by Medscape. It may take 6 months or longer before the condition is cured.

Primary complex is also known as pulmonary tuberculosis. Antibacterial drugs, such as isoniazid, are most effective against curing the infection. Primary complex becomes more difficult to treat with drugs if the medication is not taken exactly as instructed. The bacteria builds up a resistance, rendering the drugs ineffective. For this reason, the treatment plan is carefully monitored by a doctor.

Depending on the severity of the disease, hospitalization may be necessary and may last up to 4 weeks. The goal is to contain the infection and prevent it from spreading to others since it is contagious. Once the infected person is no longer contagious, release from the hospital is possible. An infected person might also be confined to home until the threat of spreading the disease has passed.

Some of the medications used to treat primary complex can cause possible side effects, such as vision changes, rashes and discolored urine. Prior to prescribing drug treatment, a doctor might recommend an eye examination so that visual changes can be detected.