Doctors may recommend eyeglasses, contact lenses, refractive surgery, lens implants or corneal inlays to treat presbyopia, notes Mayo Clinic. Presbyopia leads to an inability of the eyes to focus on close objects, and patients may choose the least invasive procedure that corrects the problem.
People who had good vision prior to suffering from presbyopia can try to correct the problem with nonprescription reading glasses, states Mayo Clinic. If over-the-counter glasses do not work, doctors may prescribe reading glasses, bifocals or trifocals. People who do not want to wear glasses can try contact lenses to treat their presbyopia, though this option may not be effective for those who suffer from other conditions related to the eye.
Doctors may use refractive surgery to treat presbyopia, during which the surgeon reshapes the cornea to improve close-up vision in the nondominant eye, notes Mayo Clinic. Conductive keratoplasty, laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy, laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis and photorefractive keratectomy are types of refractive surgical procedures that treat presbyopia. Doctors may replace the lens in each eye with a synthetic lens in a procedure called an intraocular implant; however, implants may still cause vision problems that require a patient to use eyeglasses.
During corneal inlay procedures, the doctor places a plastic ring around the cornea to change its shape and correct the vision problems caused by presbyopia, explains Mayo Clinic. The patient may later choose to have the rings removed and pursue other forms of treatment if the corneal inlay is not effective.