Treatment for plantar fibromatosis depends on the size of the fibroma and the extent of pain or discomfort it causes the patient, states FootVitals. When plantar fibromas are small, relieving direct pressure through the use of padding, othotics or heel lifts helps reduce discomfort and may help shrink the fibroma.
Plantar fibromas also have responded to twice daily application of Verapamil 15 percent gel, a calcium channel blocker, notes FootVitals. Other more invasive treatments for larger or painful masses are cortisone injections and surgery. While either of these options may be helpful, occasionally the fibroma returns and may multiply. Possible complications of surgical removal include hammertoes or flat feet.
Plantar fibromatosis is a condition in which non-cancerous tumors grow on the bottom of the foot, explains FootVitals. Certain anti-seizure medications such as Dilantin increase the risk of plantar fibromatosis, as does damage to the plantar fascia. However, many cases develop with no known cause.
Plantar fibromatosis is most common among Caucasian males over 70, according to FootVitals. Most patients share one or more risk factors, including family history of plantar fibromatosis, diabetes, epilepsy, alcoholism, liver disease and thyroid problems. People who have overused their feet for long periods of time are also at risk.