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What is the best treatment for plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendonitis?

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Quick Answer

The best treatment for Achilles tendinitis and plantar fasciitis is a combination of anti-inflammatory medications, strapping or taping the feet and orthotic devices or shoe inserts. The purpose of this combination is to reduce the swelling while supporting the affected tissue while it heals, according to the American Podiatric Medical Association.

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Full Answer

The pain and inflammation resulting from plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendinitis are a result of strain and overuse; both conditions are typical for people who walk and run a good deal but have tight tendons and plantar tissues. Strain over time makes the fibers stretch or tear. In some cases, this leads to the development of a bone spur on the heel, explains the American Podiatric Medical Association.

The purpose of the anti-inflammatory medicine is to reduce the swelling that impairs healing and causes pain, notes the American Podiatric Medical Association. A regimen of applying ice to the affected region helps as well; one common method involves freezing a tin can or golf ball and rolling it along the affected tissue, using pressure to push the cold surface into the tissue as far as possible.

To support the injured tissue during the healing process, the doctor often recommends a device to go into the patient's shoe; these devices also correct imbalance to prevent further outbreaks. Initially, the doctor may also recommend taping the foot, particularly during athletic pursuits. Surgical treatment for these conditions is rare but, when necessary, generally involves bone spur removal or release of the plantar fascia, according to the American Podiatric Medical Association.

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