Q:

Which treatment plan covers both hypertension and hyperlipidemia?

A:

Quick Answer

A treatment plan that covers both hypertension and hyperlipdemia includes a healthy diet, regular exercise, and medications to help lower blood pressure and cholesterol, according to the American Heart Association. A good diet to help control both conditions is low in fat and includes foods that contain high levels of good HDL cholesterol.

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Full Answer

A healthy diet is important in managing both hypertension and hyperlipidemia, explains the American Heart Association. Patients should concentrate on reducing saturated fats and eliminating trans fats, and they should pay close attention to the sodium content on food labels, choosing only low-sodium foods. Limiting or avoiding alcohol and tobacco is also important. Diets should focus on low-fat or fat-free dairy products, high-fiber foods, fruits, vegetables, beans, lean meat and whole grains. Fish is especially healthful because it is a lean meat that contains omega-3 fatty acids, which help reduce cholesterol buildup.

A treatment plan should also include maintaining a healthy weight and regular physical activity, advises the American Heart Association. Even a weight loss of between 5 and 10 pounds can help lower blood pressure, while a 10 percent weight loss can help prevent high cholesterol. Exercise is also important, but moderation is key in order to prevent injury.

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