Treatments for lower-leg pain include eating a healthier diet, managing weight, quitting smoking, exercising, and taking certain medications that control high blood pressure, diabetes or cholesterol, says WebMD. Medications also help prevent blood clots. In cases where other treatments do not improve blood flow, surgery may be necessary.
Lower leg pain is commonly the result of muscle cramps, shin splints, inflamed or torn tendons, a broken or sprained knee or ankle, or nerve damage, says WebMD. A sudden muscle cramp that commonly occurs in the legs, sometimes referred to as a charley horse, is often due to muscle fatigue, dehydration or heat. Stopping the movement that caused the cramping as well as gently stretching and massaging the area is the recommended treatment.
Shin splints occur along the shinbone as a result of an inflammation of the connective tissues and muscle, says WebMD. Rest along with ice and anti-inflammatory medication can help relieve symptoms.
Inflammation of the tendons in the leg, known as tendinitis, typically first manifests in the lower calf or back of the heel, states WebMD. When pain occurs in this region, applying ice and taking an anti-inflammatory can be helpful, but if pain persists or is severe, medical care is necessary.