Functional ovarian cysts are typically monitored through ultrasounds and often resolve themselves within two menstrual cycles, according to Mommy Docs. Taking birth control pills helps to prevent functional ovarian cysts from forming by stifling ovulation. Anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen can be taken to treat accompanying pain. In more severe cases, ovarian cysts pose a cancer threat and may require surgical removal.Continue Reading
According to Mommy Docs, fibroids develop on the uterus and not on the ovaries. People often mistake ovarian cysts for fibroids, but they are different conditions. Uteran fibroids are quite common, and like ovarian cysts, doctors monitor them through the use of ultrasounds and routine pelvic exams. Many women do not experience any symptoms from uteran fibroids and are unaware that they exist until the growths are found by a doctor.
In cases in which fibroids cause pain and interfere with a woman's life, a doctor may recommend surgical removal. Mommy Docs explains that severe cases may require a full hysterectomy to remove the entire uterus. Uterine artery embolization is a treatment option for women who do not wish to have any children. Patients who choose to forgo surgery or other invasive procedures have the option to treat uteran fibroids with birth control pills. The goal is to control the body's release of estrogen, which is known to increase the growth of fibroids. Menopausal women often see their fibroids shrink naturally once the body's estrogen production declines.Learn more about Reproductive Anatomy