Adding extra calcium and vitamin D to the diet is a common treatment for osteopenia. Other options include exercising, limiting caffeine and salt intake, quitting smoking and consuming alcohol in moderation, as stated by WebMD. Medications may be recommended in some cases.Continue Reading
Lifestyle treatments such as exercise and diet modifications help to prevent osteopenia from developing into osteoporosis, according to WebMD. Patients should consume calcium-rich foods such as tofu, green vegetables and dairy products. Although the body produces its own vitamin D when the skin is exposed to sunlight, patients can also consume cheese, egg yolks, fortified foods, beef liver and fish liver oils. Patients should complete physical activities that strengthen the bones by forcing the body to work against gravity, such as stair-climbing and weight-lifting.
Smoking, excess alcohol consumption, excess salt intake and caffeine are all known to decrease bone density, decrease calcium levels or increase bone loss, as confirmed by WebMD. If the osteopenia patient has already broken a bone, the doctor may recommend bisphosphonates, parathyroid hormone or hormone replacement therapy. Bisphosphonates are oral or injected medications that increase bone density, and parathyroid hormone stimulates bone formation. Although hormone therapy has long been used as a bone loss treatment, it may increase the risk of blood clots.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases