Treatment for transverse myelitis involves therapies, such as pain medication, plasma exchange therapy, intravenous steroids, antiviral medication and non-drug therapies, including occupational therapy, physical therapy and psychotherapy. The doctor may also prescribe medication for other complications, such as depression and muscle spasticity. Ongoing medications are used to prevent recurrent symptoms, as stated by Mayo Clinic.
The aim of the different treatments and medications is to treat the signs and symptoms of the condition, which include pain, discomfort, numbness, tingling, weakness and bladder dysfunction. The speed of recovery depends on the cause of transverse myelitis. People with rapid onset symptoms tend to have a severe course of the disease. Treatment is also based on a person's response to certain treatment method. Most people tend to recover partially after treatment, but severe cases usually leave victims with disabilities, such as urine urgency.
Transverse myelitis is a disorder that occurs due to an inflamed spinal cord. This condition may lead to an injury across the spinal cord. This prevents the transmission of nerve signals thus triggering the occurrence of the symptoms. The cause of traverse myelitis in about 60 percent of the cases is unknown, as stated by Johns Hopkins Medicine. Some cases are linked to several factors, including myelin disorders, immune response disorders and certain infections.