The main treatment option for stage IV non-Hodgkin lymphoma is chemotherapy, states Healthline. There are a combination of drug protocols used in chemotherapy with drugs such as prednisone, vincristine, rituximab and cyclophosphamide.
The protocol and prognosis depend on a number of factors, including the type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, the age and health of the patient and how long ago he was diagnosed, explains the National Cancer Institute. The treatment option may change if the patient has recurring lymphoma instead of a new diagnosis. The amount of lactate dehydrogenase, or LDH, and beta-2-microglobulin in the blood can also change the treatment protocol and prognosis of treatment.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma occurs when there are cancer cells that form in the lymph system, according to the National Cancer Institute. Stage IV is the most advanced form of the disease. There is a greater risk of the disease if the person has a weakened immune system. Age and gender can also affect a person's risk in getting the disease. Common symptoms of stage IV non-Hodgkin lymphoma are weight loss, fatigue, sweating and fever. It can begin in nearly any part of the body and spread to various organs and tissues. This disease can occur in both adults and children.