Common treatment options for severe osteoporosis include antiresorptives and anabolics, states Endocrine Web. Antiresorptives are a group of medications that reduce bone loss. Anabolic drugs increase the rate of bone formation, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation.
Examples of antiresorptives include biphosphonates such as alendronate and risedronate, states Healthline. An example of anabolic drugs is teriparatide, which is a synthetic form of the parathyroid hormone, according to Endocrine Web.
Hormone therapy may also treat severe osteoporosis, but it is not used as a first line of defense, explains Healthline. This is because hormone therapy increases the risk of heart attacks, strokes, blood clots and certain forms of cancer.
In case severe osteoporosis leads to a hip fracture, a surgery helps realign and stabilize the hip, notes Drugs.com. Wrist fractures heal well when put in a cast, and sometimes, surgery can restore the proper alignment of bones.
Over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen relieve chronic osteoporosis pain, states WebMD. Calcitonin injections may reduce spine pain from a recent fracture, explains Drugs.com.
If physicians detect and treat osteoporosis early, the prognosis is very good, states Drugs. Even in severe osteoporosis, treatment stabilizes and improves bone density. Treatment substantially reduces the risk of fractures as well.