Treatment options for severe insomnia include treatment of underlying causes, dietary changes and the use of medication, according to WebMd. Cognitive behavioral therapy also helps relieve insomnia, reports Mayo Clinic.
Treating medical conditions such as diabetes may help alleviate severe insomnia, states WebMD. Treating symptoms of insomnia without addressing its cause tends to be counterproductive. If insomnia results from the use of medication, a dosage reduction or change of medication can help alleviate symptoms of insomnia.
Cognitive behavioral therapy programs help a patient replace his thought and behavior patterns with habits that induce sound sleep. Sleep hygiene is a form of cognitive therapy that involves getting rid of lifestyle habits such as excessive caffeine or alcohol intake and lack of regular exercise, and adopting behaviors that promote sound sleep, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients should avoids foods high in saturated fat because they cause indigestion and disrupt sleep. Eating a healthy diet helps provide long-term relief from insomnia, says Healthline. The use of techniques such as meditation and yoga promotes relaxation, which is essential for sound sleep, according to WebMD.
Benzodiazepine sedatives such as temazepan and flurazepam have sleep-inducing properties, reports WebMD. Insomnia dosage varies based on a patient’s condition and medical history. Benzodiazepines are addictive and do not address the underlying causes of insomnia, says Mayo Clinic.