While there is no cure for scleroderma, treatment options include medications, therapy and surgery, according to Mayo Clinic. The best course of action ultimately depends on the disease subtype, stage and involved organs, explains Johns Hopkins Medicine.
Medications designed to dilate blood vessels, suppress the immune system, reduce stomach acid, prevent infections or relieve pain may be beneficial in controlling scleroderma symptoms and preventing complications, explains Mayo Clinic. Physical or occupational therapists may assist patients by engaging them in activities to help manage pain, improve strength and mobility, and maintain independence through completion of daily tasks. Surgery is often reserved as a last resort for patients who have not responded to other treatments, and it may involve amputation or lung transplants.