The most common treatment for prostatitis, the infection of the prostate, is antibiotics, explains Mayo Clinic. Other treatment methods for prostatitis include alpha blockers, anti-inflammatory agents and prostate massage.
Since all different types of bacteria can cause prostatitis, the type of antibiotic that is prescribed is often based on the cause of the infection, according to MayoClinic. If the infection is severe, intravenous antibiotics may be needed. For a man who has chronic prostatitis, taking antibiotics for four to six weeks may be necessary.
Another medication, alpha blockers, may help to ease the pain associated with prostatitis, claims Mayo Clinic. They work by relaxing the neck of the bladder and the muscle fibers that join the prostate and bladder together. Anti-inflammatory agents, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, also help to ease the pain associated with this infection. A prostate massage, which is a treatment done by a doctor in the office, is similar to a digital rectal exam and may provide relief from prostatitis in some cases.
There are a few other things a man can do at home to relieve the symptoms of prostatitis, states Mayo Clinic. These include a sitz bath, avoiding spicy food and alcohol, only sitting for a short period, and avoiding activities that put pressure on the prostate, such as bicycling.