Treatment options for persistent ear noise include medication, earwax removal, treating blood vessel conditions, and various noise suppression therapies, according to the Mayo Clinic. A persistent noise or ringing in the ears is called tinnitus, and the treatment options depend on the underlying condition causing the condition.
If tinnitus is caused by excessive earwax, a doctor flushes out the wax or removes it using an instrument called a curette, explains WebMD. If an ear infection is the cause of tinnitus, prescription ear drops are used to treat the infection. Temporomandibular joint syndrome, known as TMJ, is another cause of tinnitus that requires dental or orthodontic treatment. Anti-anxiety medication, as well as steroid application to the inner ear, relieves symptoms of tinnitus in some people. In rare cases, tinnitus is the result of a tumor or cyst in the ear and needs to be treated surgically.
In some cases, tinnitus can disappear spontaneously, and in other cases, is resistant to treatment. When the underlying cause of tinnitus is exposure to loud noise, or if the symptoms of tinnitus persist, medical professionals focus on noise reduction treatments, notes the Mayo Clinic. White noise machines are effective in masking tinnitus, especially during sleep. Masking devices that are worn like hearing aids produce a continuous, low-level white noise that help cover up tinnitus symptoms.
Finally, a treatment called tinnitus retraining works to habituate the patient to tinnitus symptoms, so he does not notice them anymore, states the Mayo Clinic. Tinnitus retraining involves wearing a device that delivers individually programmed tonal music to mask the specific frequencies of the tinnitus.