Drugs and lifestyle changes are treatment options for people with Type 2 diabetes, Mayo Clinic explains. Sometimes doctors treat diabetes through bariatric surgery, a surgery that removes part of the small intestine to aid in weight loss, which in turn keeps blood sugar levels lower.
One lifestyle change that can help treat Type 2 diabetes is implementing a healthy diet that emphasizes high-fiber, low-fat foods, such as fruits and vegetables and whole grains with complex carbohydrates, advises Mayo Clinic. A person with Type 2 diabetes needs to avoid refined sugar and carbohydrates that elevate blood sugar. Getting enough physical activity and exercise is another important lifestyle change to manage diabetes. A diabetic needs at least 30 minutes of exercise a day that elevates the heart rate, such as walking, weightlifting and yoga.
Sometimes a diabetic must take medications to manage and treat his Type 2 diabetes, explains Mayo Clinic. Insulin is one of the primary medications for a diabetic. Because a person with diabetes has trouble naturally producing insulin that regulates blood sugar levels, he must take insulin injections. Another medication prescribed to a diabetic is metformin, a drug that helps the body better use the insulin that it produces.