What Are Some Treatment Options for People Infected With HIV?


Quick Answer

Although there is currently no cure for HIV/AIDS, some treatments for HIV include non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, protease inhibitors and integrase inhibitors, according to Mayo Clinic. These are three examples of the six classes of medications used in HIV treatment.

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Full Answer

Each of the six classes of HIV drugs blocks self-replication of the HIV virus in some way. For example, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors disable a specific protein that is necessary for HIV to make copies of itself. The best course of treatment for HIV involves a combination of drugs from multiple classes, explains Mayo Clinic. The efficacy of treatment is determined by the patient's CD4 counts, which indicate viral load.

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