Treatment options for OCD primarily include psychotherapy and medication, according to Mayo Clinic. Treatment is generally most beneficial when psychotherapy and medication are combined. OCD may not be cured by treatment, but its symptoms may improve.
The type of psychotherapy shown most effective for treating OCD is exposure and response prevention, according to Mayo Clinic. Antidepressants are the medication most commonly prescribed to treat OCD symptoms. Those the FDA has approved to treat OCD are paroxetine, clomipramine, fluoxetine, clomipramine and sertraline. Sometimes other psychiatric medications may be prescribed for treatment. Deep brain stimulation is being researched as potentially effective OCD treatment when psychotherapy and medications are unsuccessful.