Diet, lifestyle changes and medications are the treatments used to correct an elevated triglyceride level, states WebMD. Triglycerides are a type of fat found circulating in the bloodstream, explains Mayo Clinic.
Diet and lifestyle changes are the initial treatments used to reduce elevated triglyceride levels, notes WebMD. A person with a high triglyceride level should limit alcohol consumption, reduce carbohydrate intake and limit the amount of saturated fat in the diet. Losing excess weight, increasing physical activity and avoiding the use of tobacco products can also help lower a high triglyceride level.
If lifestyle changes don't work, individuals with elevated triglyceride levels might need to take statins, fibrates or niacin, states WebMD. Statins lower LDL and triglyceride levels. LDL stands for low-density lipoproteins, the bad cholesterol that increases the risk for heart problems. Statins also increase the amount of HDL, or high-density lipoproteins, in the blood, notes Mayo Clinic. HDL is known as good cholesterol. Fibrates decrease triglyceride levels and increase the amount of HDL in the bloodstream. Niacin reduces triglyceride levels, increases HDL levels and lowers LDL levels.
A triglyceride level of less than 150 milligrams per deciliter is considered normal, states WebMD. Triglyceride levels of 200 to 499 milligrams per deciliter are high, while triglyceride levels of 500 milligrams per deciliter are classified as very high.