Treatment options for myalgia include resting the painful area, taking a NSAID such as ibuprofen, and icing the area to reduce inflammation and pain, according to Healthline. Use an ice pack, between one and three days, and then apply heat for any pain that lingers after three days.
Myalgia can also be eased through gentle stretching exercises and avoidance of such strenuous activities as weight lifting even after the pain is gone, explains Healthline. Techniques that help relieve stress such as meditation or yoga are also good for reducing or ending muscle pain.
Myalgia needs to be treated by a doctor if it is persistent or severe, or if its cause is unknown, states Healthline. A doctor should also investigate the pain if it comes with a rash, redness or swelling, happens after a tick bite or happens after a patient changes his medications. Muscle pain that comes with water retention and a decrease in urine output, difficulty swallowing or breathing, vomiting or fever should be considered a medical emergency. This is also true of muscle pain accompanied by a stiff neck, weak muscles or paralysis of the painful area. These symptoms can be those of serious diseases such as lupus, fibromyalgia and dermatomyositis.