Mold in the lungs, a condition called aspergillosis, is typically treated with oral drugs that reduce inflammation, antifungal drugs or, in more severe cases, surgery. Each type of aspergillosis calls for different treatment methods, according to Cleveland Clinic.
An allergic reaction to the fungus, called allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, may be treated with oral corticosteroid drugs. Antifungal drugs may be used to treat pulmonary aspergillosis, in which mold grows in the abnormal spaces of damaged and diseased lungs, according to Cleveland Clinic. Surgery is required to treat fungal masses called aspergillomas, which can cause serious problems and usually don't respond to antifungal medication.