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What are treatment options for liver enzymes?

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Quick Answer

The treatment for elevated liver enzymes in the blood depends on the cause, according to the Mayo Clinic. A doctor determines the cause, and then devises treatment options based on that diagnosis.

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Full Answer

Once a blood test confirms elevated liver enzymes, a doctor reviews a patient's medical history and prescription and over-the-counter medication use and orders more tests to figure out the cause, the Mayo Clinic explains. High levels of liver enzymes can be caused by lifestyle habits such as drinking alcohol or obesity. Another cause is hepatitis, whether it's an infectious type such as A, B or C or caused by alcohol consumption. High liver enzymes can also be attributed to heart failure and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Certain prescription medicines, such as the statin drugs used to reduce cholesterol levels, and over-the-counter medications such as Tylenol, may also push enzymes above normal levels.

Although these are the more common causes, elevated liver enzymes may be attributed to other conditions that affect the liver's function. These causes can include celiac disease, liver cancer, liver scarring (cirrhosis), hypothyroidism or mononucleosis. Because of the variety of causes that can contribute to elevated liver enzyme levels, the cause must be determined before treatment can be recommended.

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