Leukocytes, or white blood cells, in the urine commonly point to a urinary tract infection and are treated with antibiotics, according to WebMD. Drinking plenty of water helps flush bacteria out of the system. In some cases a doctor prescribes pain-relief medication.
Antibiotics, including ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, azithromycin and doxycycline, are typically the first options for treating a urinary tract infection, according to Mayo Clinic. The antibiotic may resolve simple infections within a few days. If the patient experiences a burning sensation while urinating, an analgesic is prescribed to numb the bladder and urethra. Urine may turn red or orange as a side effect of analgesics. In severe cases, patients may require hospitalization and intravenous antibiotic treatment.
Patients can take steps at home to relieve the discomfort of a urinary tract infection, states Mayo Clinic. People should avoid consuming drinks that irritate the bladder such as alcohol, soft drinks, coffee and citrus juices. A warm heating pad is helpful for easing pain and reducing bladder pressure. Cranberry juice is believed to have infection-fighting properties and may help prevent urinary tract infections; however, as of 2015, there is currently no scientific evidence to support this claim. Patients taking blood thinners, aspirin or other medications that affect the liver should not drink cranberry juice.