Treatment options for a gum abscess, also known as a gum boil, include rinsing the mouth with a saltwater solution, drainage of the pus by a dentist, antibiotic medications and painkillers, as listed by Colgate. Cleaning of the area may also be necessary.
Due to the potential for the infection to spread to another part of the body, the patient should seek professional dental treatment as soon as possible, according to Colgate. At home, the patient can rinse the mouth several times daily with a solution of 1/2 teaspoon of salt mixed with 8 ounces of water. This helps to relieve pressure by draining pus. During the dental appointment, the dentist thoroughly cleans the area, drains the pus from the abscess, and takes steps to treat the infection.
If a fistula has formed in the gum abscess, the dentist tracks where it leads by inserting a long material into the fistula and examining X-ray images, as stated by Colgate. The fistula normally closes up when the infection clears. After an appointment, the patient may receive a prescription for antibiotics to stop the spread of infection and painkillers to ease discomfort. If the abscess occurs in conjunction with periodontal disease, the patient should seek treatment for both conditions.