Treatment options for gout in the shoulder or any joint include taking anti-inflammatory medications or corticosteroids for immediate relief and then making diet and lifestyle changes to help prevent future attacks, explains MedlinePlus. Doctors may recommend surgery if nonsurgical treatments fail to provide relief, according to Healthline.
Gout, a form of arthritis, develops when there is too much uric acid in the blood. When a gout attack occurs, individuals experience severe pain, redness, warmth and sensitivity in the affected area, explains WebMD. Prescription-strength doses of ibuprofen, indomethacin or naproxen can help reduce inflammation and alleviate pain. If necessary, doctors may prescribe stronger painkillers, such as colchicine, oxycodone, codeine or hydrocodone, notes MedlinePlus. Doctors also treat gout by injecting the shoulder with a corticosteroid. Pain associated with gout generally begins to subside within 12 hours of treatment, and it is usually gone within two days.
Diet and lifestyle changes that can reduce the likelihood of a gout attack include limiting the consumption of alcohol, sugar and red meat; eating a diet rich in low-sugar fruits, vegetables and whole grains; exercising daily; and taking a vitamin C supplement, explains MedlinePlus. Range-of-motion activities and physical therapy may also provide relief, notes Healthline. Depending on the severity of the condition, doctors may suggest joint-replacement surgery or a less-invasive procedure, such as an arthroscopy.