Treatment options for gout in the ankle and foot includes icing the area, resting the foot, taking prescribed medications and surgery, says WebMD. Surgery is performed if the individual has gout flare-ups for more than 10 years and the uric acid crystals in the joints are too large.
Although surgery is necessary to treat gout in severe cases, individuals can treat it at home by elevating the foot and icing the area regularly during an acute attack, advises WebMD. They should also drink plenty of water, which dilutes the uric acid levels in the body but avoid alcoholic drinks and fructose-sweetened beverages. The individuals need to maintain a healthy diet, avoiding foods rich in purines, such as seafood and organ meats, which form uric acid. Anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen and corticosteroids can help to relieve pain and reduce swelling. A doctor can also prescribe long-term medications such as colchicine and pegloticase.
Patients can prevent or reduce gout flare-ups by maintaining a healthy body weight and avoiding a diet rich in meat, states WebMD. Although weight loss and low-fat diets can help to manage attacks, low-calorie diets and fasting can actually produce more uric acid in the body and cause attacks. Alcohol consumption can also increase uric acid levels and should be avoided.