Nonsurgical treatment for gingivitis, a gum disease, includes professional dental cleaning to remove tarter and plaque on the surface of the teeth; scaling the teeth; and planing the surface to remove bacteria, explains WebMD. Surgical treatment includes lifting the gums to remove tarter and bone or soft tissue grafts.
In many cases, gingivitis can be treated with frequent professional cleanings to eliminate bacteria on the teeth, according to WebMD. Severe cases require patients to undergo local anesthesia so that fragments of the bone destroyed by the gum disease can be removed or replaced. Bone and tissue grafts involve surgically using donated or synthetic bones to replace the damaged bones in the gums.