There is no cure for or set of specific treatments for fetal alcohol syndrome, as of 2015. However, certain medications treat symptoms by helping with walking, talking and social skills, and medical care for associated health problems can reduce some of its effects, notes Mayo Clinic. Psychologists, special services in school to help with learning and behavior issues, and speech, physical and occupational therapies may help children with fetal alcohol syndrome as they age.
Doctors may prescribe stimulants, antidepressants, neuroleptics and anti-anxiety drugs to help treat the symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Stimulants address symptoms such as hyperactivity and poor impulse control, while antidepressants can help children with fetal alcohol syndrome cope with sleep problems, aggression and anti-social behaviors. Doctors prescribe neuroleptics to treat anxiety and behavior problems in children with fetal alcohol syndrome.
Doctors may suggest friendship training, in which children with fetal alcohol syndrome learn how to behave properly toward others and work out conflicts, explains the CDC. Parent-child interaction therapy can help children with fetal alcohol syndrome learn how to follow rules properly while parents learn how to discipline their children in a positive manner. Children with fetal alcohol syndrome may also benefit from executive functioning training, which teaches techniques for planning, problem solving and reasoning.