An elevated PSA level can be an indication of prostate disease, and patients receive treatment for the cause of the elevation rather than the elevation itself, explains MedicineNet. Patients whose PSA levels are elevated from prostatitis can be treated with anti-inflammatory medications, pain medications and muscle relaxants, states WebMD.
The most common causes of an elevated PSA level include benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis and prostate cancer, according to MedicineNet. PSA levels can rise from anything that disrupts the prostate architecture and releases the protein into the circulation, such as ejaculation, prostate examination, urinary retention and urinary catheterization.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a part of the male aging process and affects about 50 percent of men older than 75 years, explains WebMD. BPH is the noncancerous enlargement of the prostate caused by changes in hormone balance and cellular architecture. The prostate gland surrounds a part of the urethra, which is a tube that carries urine. As the prostate grows, it can squeeze the urethra and cause urinary symptoms that include problems with urine stream initiation and dribbling. Other symptoms include urinary frequency, including at night, a weak urine stream, and a sense that the bladder is not empty after urination.
Treatments for mild BPH usually involve monitoring and making changes to a patient's lifestyle, which includes limiting fluid intake in the evening and relaxing during urination, explains WebMD. Surgery is indicated for patients who experience compilations, such as the inability to urinate, urinary tract infections, bladder stones and kidney damage.