Treatment options for Down syndrome include early intervention programs, certain drugs and supplements, and assistive devices, according to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Therapies used in early intervention and lifelong treatment programs include physical therapy, speech-language therapy, emotional and behavioral therapy, and occupational therapy.
Early intervention includes a range of resources and programs to help young Down syndrome sufferers improve their outcomes, according to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Physical therapy can help patients with Down syndrome develop motor skills, improve posture, increase muscle strength and improve balance. Speech-language therapy can help build communication skills, and emotional and behavioral therapy can help the patient find solutions for undesirable behaviors. Occupational therapy aims to help patients find tasks and conditions to help them meet their everyday needs, such as getting dressed and using a computer.
As of 2015, some research has suggested that psychoactive drugs and amino acid supplements can benefit Down syndrome patients, but more controlled studies are necessary to determine these substances' safety and effectiveness, states the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Assistive devices for patients may include amplification devices for hearing, large-letter computer keyboards, computers with touch screens, and special pencils for writing.